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2011 Census, Greater Manchester Gets Bigger

Manchester over-takes Liverpool with massive 19% growth spurt

Published on July 18th 2012.

2011 Census, Greater Manchester Gets Bigger

THESE are the population and growth figures from the 2011 Census for Greater Manchester plus comparison figures for Liverpool.

Manchester's growth was the highest for any major provincial city at a staggering 19%. According to the census much of the national growth figure of 7% is accounted for by immigration - 55% of this figure. 

Manchester 503,100 +19%

Salford 233,900 +7.8%

Bolton 276,800 +5.9%

Bury 185,100 +2.4%

Rochdale 211,700 +2.6%

Oldham 224,900 +2.9%

Tameside 219,300 +2.6%

Stockport 283,300 -0.5%

Trafford 226,600 +7.8%

Wigan 317,800 +5.4%

Total for Greater Manchester: 2,682,500

Total at 2001 census: 2,516,200

Merseyside: 2011 population 1,391,000 (Liverpool grows by 5.5% to 466,400); 2001 population 1,367, 800. 

Regional growth in Greater Manchester: 6.61%. National growth: 6.98%

Sir Richard Leese, Leader of Manchester City Council, said: "A growing population reflects a thriving city so it is excellent news that more people are seeing the attractions of Manchester as a place to work, live and invest. Manchester had undergone a long period of population decline but the reversal of this trend in the last decade is a testament to the way the city has established itself as a world-class international city.

"Our Community Strategy put the target population figure at 480,000 by 2015. The Census figures show that we have surpassed our own targets four years early. And the core strategy, our plan to drive development in the city over the next 15 years, estimates that Manchester will have an extra 80,000 people by 2027. The figures today would suggest that we are well on the way to achieving this target.”

"Population growth brings with it many opportunities but the challenge ahead is to ensure that we have the services and infrastructure which meet the needs of the growing population so that the city can reach its full potential." 

A spokesman for Stockport, the only local borough to dip in population, said they are looking into the 2011 census figures and will release a statement when they've been analysed. 

Across the North West on census day (27 March 2011) the population was 7.1 million, an increase of 4 per cent from 2001 when it was 6.7 million. 

Manchester from SalfordManchester from Salford

The North West had the third largest population of any English region but had seen a decrease in its population between 1981 and 2001. However, the period from 2001 to 2011 saw population growth of 4 per cent – larger than in the North East but still less than the population growth in other English regions and Wales. 

By comparison the population across the whole of England and Wales increased by 7 per cent to 56.1 million, the largest growth in population in any 10-year period since census taking began in 1801. 

Nearly all local authorities across England and Wales increased in population but eight local authorities in the North West saw a decrease in population: Barrow-in-Furness (4.0 per cent), Knowsley (3.5 per cent), Sefton (3.2 per cent), Burnley (2.7 per cent), Hyndburn (0.9 per cent), St Helens (0.8 per cent), Stockport (0.5 per cent), and Blackpool (0.2 per cent). Across all of England and Wales 17 local authorities decreased in population.

The local authority with the largest proportion of people aged 65 and over was Wyre with 25 per cent; the smallest proportion in this age group was in Manchester with 9 per cent. 

Manchester was the largest authority in the North West by population with 503,100 people, an increase of 80,400 (19 per cent) between 2001 and 2011. The percentage increase was the third largest in England and Wales behind Newham and Tower Hamlets.

The local authority with the fewest people was Eden, with 52,600 people but it still grew in population by 5.4 per cent, which is more than the average for the region.

Eden was also the least densely populated local authority in England and Wales, with 25 people per square kilometre. By contrast, Manchester was the most densely populated local authority in the region with 4,350 people per square kilometre, which equates to 43 people on a rugby pitch.

The local authority with the largest proportion of people aged 65 and over was Wyre with 25 per cent; the smallest proportion in this age group was in Manchester with 9 per cent. Blackburn with Darwen had the largest proportion of people aged 19 and under with 29 per cent, with the smallest proportion in this age group being 20 per cent in South Lakeland and Fylde.

Across England and Wales there was a 13 per cent increase in the number of children under five, with over 400,000 more in 2011 than in 2001. In the North West there were 36,500 under fives compared to 2001, an increase of 9 per cent in that period. Blackburn with Darwen had the largest proportion with 8 per cent, with the smallest proportion in South Lakeland (4.3 per cent).

The total number of households in the North West was 3 million. Blackburn with Darwen also had, along with Oldham, the largest average household size in the region, with 2.5 people; Fylde and Blackpool had the two smallest (2.1 people).

The City of Manchester had a population over 800,000 in the 1930s but slum clearance and the growth of post-WWII housing estates halved that, although the population of Greater Manchester grew over the same period. The population of the city of Manchester has over taken the city of Liverpool in this census for the first time in many decades. 

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12 comments so far, continue the conversation, write a comment.

DavidJuly 18th 2012.

Look at the population figures,the three biggest after Manchester,are Wigan,Stockport and Bolton.But surprise surprise not one of those towns has got Metrolink.
There has been a deliberate focus on transport for Manchester instead.With the lie that promoting Manchester as some sort of global city,will lead to benefits for the surrounding towns.Actually all this is doing is sucking the life out of them,their town centrs are dying.All they are being reduced to is dormitory suburbs of
All the decent jobs,all the opportunities are going to Manchester.Those towns like Burnley and Blackburn which do not have good transport connections to
Manchester,will lose their most talented young people,who will move to Manchester.The consequences for Mancunians,will be like the consequences for Londoners,everything will cost more,especially housing.If t

2 Responses: Reply To This...
AnonymousJuly 18th 2012.

All those places have rail links to Manchester. Surely it's just a case of improving Manchester's links internationally and to London first to attract business here, and then providing further easy access to surrounding boroughs for the jobs created? The tram will make it's way out there as it has done to Oldham, Bury, Trafford and Salford. Given we're also in a recession, investing in Manchester is probably seen as a much safer prospect at the minute.

SmittyJuly 18th 2012.

David by all measures Manchester is indeed a global city. The most well known research into the ranking of cities is the GAWC, which ranks Manchester as a "beta" city and the second most significant in the UK aside from - of course- the Alpha Plus Plus city (their terminology) of London. Liverpool simply doesn't get a look in on any of the studies that aim to rank cities.

I'm not quite sure what you are suggesting. Surely it is better for Manchester to be a regional driver of growth to ensure that success is spread round the country rather than wholly concentrated in the capital? Surely to god it's a good thing that unemployment is dropping in Greater Manchester?

DavidJuly 18th 2012.

The trend for North West over last few months is rising unemployment.In contrast unemployment in Greater Manchester is falling.If this continues you will over time see a population switch from Merseyside to Manchester,as people move to seek better job opportunities.

2 Responses: Reply To This...
Michael MillerJuly 20th 2012.

I can’t speak for the rest of northwest England, but with regards Liverpool this isn’t going to happen. Only people seeking low paying jobs would move to Manchester for work, but since L’pool has plenty of this type of work at present, and more coming on stream as more restaurants, shops and hotels keep opening, even in the current climate they don’t need to. It’s possible some people will look for work in Manchester for higher paying jobs if they’ve just been made redundant in Liverpool, but because they are higher paying they will more likely be financially settled and secure in Liverpool and will simply commute. (My dad did this for a time in the 1990s). Sorry to burst your bubble on this one, but Liverpool has long since turned the corner and its future is growth. We should all celebrate a good news week, for everyone, as clearly both cities are on the up, and decline a thing of the past.

DavidJuly 24th 2012.

Liverpool has turned the corner,it's economic performance is worse than Manchester.
Also there are already loads of Scousers working and living in Manchester.

DavidJuly 18th 2012.

What evidence is there that for instance Boltons proximity to 'the global city' of Manchester has brought greater wealth to the town Smitty?.I suggest you take the train to Bolton.You will find huge numbers of empty shops.This was not the case 20 years ago,even when we had economic recessions like the one today.

2 Responses: Reply To This...
Ghostly TomJuly 20th 2012.

I think it,s not just the recession that has closed shops but that hasn't helped of course. It's more that people have changed their shopping patterns going to out of town developments, the Trafford Centre and the like. Manchester city centre has prospered by attracting massive development and trading on its pulling power as the capital of the north. Little places like Chorlton and Didsbury work because they have loud, vocal communities who are not afraid to fight for their community and attack anything that they think will harm it. Both have seen off developments that are likely to harm the existing centre while encouraging local businesses. And this attracts people to go there.

Calum McGJuly 23rd 2012.

Have to agree with you, Tom. Local people have to get involved and give a sh*t, else things happen that they don't like. Castlefield in the city centre being another example. Bolton clearly needs to generate its own pulling power, but sadly has far too many out-of-town, indentikit, curly tin sheds that people drive to and shop at. Planning doom!

Martin CooperAugust 9th 2012.

Maybe the council could start to spend some of the money it is making from the new residents on the infrastructure of the city as a whole. There are vastly more people in the city now paying Council Tax, and businesses paying Business Rates, yet the infrastructure is in a poor state, apart from in the few trophy areas that the Council is pouring our money into.

I have heard the argument that all these new residents need service provision, so there is no more money coming in, in real terms. In which case, why is this such a victory to be celebrated by Richard Lees? The service provision in the city at the moment is not great - maybe he should be trying to sort this out for the residents who pay him their Council Tax money, so that there is a solid foundation for all these new residents to arrive to, rather than a continual PR exercise telling us that things are going great, while, for example, problems with our roads are only dealt with when they crumble into deep holes.

As to the argument that communities should get involved to get the change they want - isn't that why we have council elections? That's the established system of community involvement that we all pay a lot of money to support - if it's not working, why are we still paying those who are more concerned with looking outwards, and working with those who have money and no interest in the local communities needs as a whole?

If we had a council that looked after the city as a whole, rather than selling its assets to certain monied elements, then I'd more easily forgive the mistakes made. Their carelessness to any area that is not a Council project is pretty inexcusable if you do not want to live in a city that sacrifices a coherent infrastructure for a few expensive trophy areas that centralise all the resources.

This is a council for the few, that knows to include the few journalists in Manchester at the top table so they hear no awkward voices in public. The carefully-cropped pictures and hype of culture made safe by being 20+ years old or corporate have brought people here, but if that's the way that Richard Lees counts success, perhaps we should get someone in charge who wants to create a sustainably creative City rather than the cheap corporate version that we are moving towards.

With the amount of our money that Richard Lees has thrown around, with little or no accountability, no wonder people are flocking here. Life's a qualitative, not a quantitative experience, though; more does not just mean better.

1 Response: Reply To This...
SmittyAugust 9th 2012.

The council never thinks of these things... Oh, hang on... http://www.manchester.gov.uk/corestrategy

Martin CooperAugust 12th 2012.

Well, thanks for the link. A reply comment is not the surest way for people to find the information, though - my point remains, that this information is not being publicised, analysed and written about, despite its interest to the people of the city.

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