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Who Has The Freedom Of MCR?

A comprehensive list of all recipients of the city’s highest honour

Written by . Published on August 12th 2014.


Who Has The Freedom Of MCR?
 

IN TRIBUTE to Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw, a gifted mathematician, lecturer at Manchester University, Rusholme councillor for 26 years and former Lord Mayor of Manchester, we've republished our complete list of all recipients of the Freedom of Manchester - of which Dame Ollerenshaw was one.

She sadly passed away on Sunday 10 August 2014 at the age of 101.

Dame Kathleen OllerenshawDame Kathleen Ollerenshaw

Becoming an Honorary Freeman of Manchester is the highest honour the city can bestow.

The actual list, dating from 1888, contains 79 individuals including: Prime Ministers, Presidents, Governors, Commanders, Reverends, Earls, Ladys, Lords, Sirs, teams, regiments and Nellies. Oh, and a Barry.

Not that it has any practical application anymore. Traditionally, freeman enjoyed special privileges, they could travel across the country exempt from tolls and held the right to vote in parliamentary elections.

Now, it’s a purely symbolic honour. A huge pat on the back. You can’t, for example, graze your geese in Sir Richard Leese’s backyard, lance a Yorkshireman in Oldham, or even park in the city centre for free on a Sunday.

207 Field Hospital (Volunteers) was presented with the honour at a ceremony in Manchester's Albert Square207 Field Hospital (Volunteers) was presented with the honour at a ceremony in Manchester's Albert Square

In 2013 it was announced that the two University of Manchester boffins behind the isolation of graphene (the world’s new ‘miracle material’), Sir Andre Geim and Sir Kostya Novoselov, were to be awarded the Freedom of the City at a Town Hall ceremony. The Russian-born pair were only the fifth such individuals or groups to receive the honour in over quarter of a century.

This got us thinking. When was the Freedom of the City first handed out in Manchester? And who has received this honour?

We asked the Council for a list. The list we received, dating from 1899, contained 24 individuals, one cycling team and a voluntary military hospital unit.

Close. They were only wrong by 55 individuals and six military regiments.

The odd thing is, the entire list is right under their noses. There’s a whole wall dedicated to the ‘Honorary Freemen of the City of Manchester’ in the Council Chamber Anteroom in the Town Hall extension. 

The wall in the AnteroomThe wall in the Anteroom

The actual list, dating from 1888, contains 79 individuals including: Prime Ministers, Presidents, Governors, Commanders, Reverends, Earls, Dames, Lords, Ladies, Sirs, Nellies, doctors, engineers, philanthropists, scientists, football folk, music folk, one cycling team, seven military regiments and the Maharaja of Burdwan - wherever that is. Oh and a Barry.

We know because we went to the Chamber wall and counted.

Here’s the definitive list (we hope), the only one we know of that's not written on that wall:

Oliver Heywood statue, Albert SquareOliver Heywood statue, Albert Square

Oliver Heywood, 1888: The first Honorary Freeman of Manchester, Heywood was a local banker who gave over much of his money and time to charities and educational institutions such as Chetham’s Hospital. His statue (1894) stands proudly in Albert Square facing the Town Hall entrance.

Henry Morton Stanley, 1890: A Welsh-born American journalist and African explorer famous for his search for Dr Livingstone and the part he played in the opening up of the Congo.

Alderman Abel Heywood, 1891: Born in Prestwich, Heywood was a radical, an active Chartist who regularly fell foul of the law for selling reformist literature. He became Lord Mayor in 1862 working to alleviate the harm caused by the Cotton Famine. The Town Hall’s clock bell, Great Abel, is named after Alderman Heywood.

Thomas Ashton, 1892: A cotton manufacturer and philanthropist born in Hyde. A Liberal, Unitarian and social reformist, Ashton inherited his father’s cotton mill and enlarged the mill school, built a church at Flowery Fields and expanded the village built by his father. During the cotton famine when many mills were closing, Ashton kept his mills and workers going.

James Jardine, 1892: Cotton manufacturer and Chairman of the Manchester Royal Exchange, Jardine donated a new wing to Ancoats Hospital.

Dr. Adolphus William Ward, 1897: Professor of History and English at Owens College (now the University of Manchester) and its principal from 1890 to 1897. No staff member played a more pivotal role in raising the academic status of the University.

Herbert Philips, 1897: Extensive philanthropist, justice of the peace, temperance and clean air campaigner.

Enriqueta Rylands built the John Ryland Library in memory of her husbandEnriqueta Rylands built the John Ryland Library in memory of her husband

Mrs Enriqueta Austina Rylands, 1899: Enriqueta devoted twenty years and some two million pounds, inherited from her textile magnate husband, to build the John Rylands Library. She was a great philanthropist and admired for her kindness, determination and intellect. 

Robert Dukinfield Darbishire, 1899: A career lawyer and founding father of Manchester Museum.

Richard Copley Christie, 1899: Law professor, historian and bibliophile. Richard and his wife Mary were instrumental in the foundation of the cancer centre that still bears their name, The Christie Foundation. 

Sir William John Crossley, 1903: Engineer, Liberal MP for Altrincham and founding director of Manchester Ship Canal. In 1905 Sir William personally funded the Crossley Tuberculosis Sanatorium in Cheshire.

Sir William Henry HouldsworthSir William Henry HouldsworthAlderman Harry Rawson, 1903: Councillor Rawson, printer, bookseller and closely involved in the development of Manchester’s Mechanics Institute.

Sir William Henry Houldsworth, 1905: Industrialist and Conservative MP for Manchester North West from 1883 to 1906. In 1863, Houldsworth began building Reddish Mill, at that time the largest cotton-spinning mill in the world.

Benn Wolfe Levy, 1905: Founder of the David Lewis Trust.

George Milner, 1905: Founder and President of the Manchester Literary Club, he was ‘identified with what is best and most cultured in the city of Manchester’.

Alderman James Wilson Southern, 1906: Member of Manchester Council for over a quarter of a century and dedicated municipal leader.

Sir Wilfred Laurier, 1907: Prime Minister of Canada.

Alfred Deakin, 1907: Prime Minister of Australia.

Sir Joseph George Ward, 1907: Prime Minster of New Zealand.

The honour wallThe honour wall

Leander Starr Jameson, 1907: Prime Minster of the Cape Colony.

Sir Robert Bond, 1907: Prime Minster of Newfoundland.

Frederick Robert Moor, 1907: Prime Minister of Natal.

Louis Botha, 1907: Prime Minister of Transvaal. 

Sir Thomas Vansittart BowaterSir Thomas Vansittart BowaterSir Thomas Vansittart Bowater, 1914: Manchester-born Lord Mayor of London.

William Morris Hughes, 1916: Prime Minister of Australia.

Alderman Sir Edward Holt, 1916: Brewery owner and Lord Mayor of Manchester.

Sir Edward Donner Beronet, 1916: Chairman of the Manchester and Liverpool District Banking Society and founding member of the Manchester High School for Girls. In his later years Donner was known as ‘The Great Old Man Of Manchester’.

Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, 1917: Progressive Indian Ruler and General. Singh was the Maharaja of Bikaner and the only ‘non-white’ member of the British war cabinet during WW1.

Sir James Scorgie Meston, 1917: Governor of the Agra and Oudh.

Sir Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1917: Governor General of India

Sir Robert Laird Borden, 1917: Prime Minister of Canada.

William Ferguson Massey, 1917: Prime Minister of New Zealand.

Lt. Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts, 1917: Representative of South Africa

Sir Edward Patrick Morris, 1917: Prime Minister of Newfoundland.

David Lloyd GerogeDavid Lloyd Geroge

Prime Minister David Lloyd George, 1918: Manchester-born but raised in Wales, George was a bright spark, becoming a Liberal MP aged just 27. He went on to become one of Britain’s great reformist chancellors and a wartime Prime Minister from 1916 to 1922. He once famously said of the House of Lords: "a body of five hundred men chosen at random from amongst the unemployed.”

President Woodrow Wilson, 1918: The 28th President of the United States, Wilson visited Manchester and gave a speech in the city at the Free Trade Hall on Peter Street (now the Radisson Blu Edwardian hotel), he said: “I take it that I am not far from right in supposing that that is the reason why Manchester has been a centre of the great forward-looking sentiments of men who had the instinct of large planning, not merely for the city itself, but for the Kingdom and the Empire, and the world".

Admiral Sir David Beatty, 1919: The youngest Admiral since Horatio Nelson, Beatty was a charismatic and courageous leader who fought in First World War sea battles.

Sir Douglas Haig, 1919: Commander on the Western Front for most of World War One. 

Marshal Ferdinand Foch, 1923: Marshal of France and Commander of the Allied Armies during the First World War’s closing months.

William Lyon Mackenzie King, 1926: Prime Minister of Canada.

Stanley Melbourne Bruce, 1926: Prime Minister of Australia.

Joseph Gordon Coates, 1926: Prime Minister of New Zealand.

James Barry Munnik Hertzog, 1926: Prime Minister of South Africa.

William Thomas Cosgrave, 1926: First Prime Minister of the Irish Free State.

Walter Stanley Monroe, 1926: Prime Minster of Newfoundland.

Maharaja Bijay Chand Mahtab, 1926: Maharaja Adhiraja Bahadur of Burdwan.

Charles Prestwich ScottCharles Prestwich Scott

Charles Prestwich Scott, 1930: Long standing editor and later owner of the Manchester Guardian. Scott, born in Bath, joined the paper during his second year at Oxford University and was editor of The Guardian in under a year aged - just 25. Under his lead, the paper went on to national prominence. He could regularly be seen cycling from his home in Fallowfield to the office on Cross Street.

The Earl of Derby, 1934: Governor of Victoria University of Manchester and President of Manchester Royal Infirmary.

Alderman Hermann Julius Goldschmidt, 1937: Councillor, Governor of Victoria University of Manchester and Royal Eye Hospital, Member of the Finance and Libraries Committees and the Galleries Committee.

Alderman William Turner Jackson, 1937: Council member for over 30 years and Lord Mayor of Manchester between 1923-24, Turner Jackson was a champion of public health concerns and fought for the establishment of the Wythenshaw Estate in the 1930s.

Prime Minster Winston Spencer Churchill, 1943: (main image) Considered by many to be the greatest ever Briton, Churchill helped lead Britain to victory against the Nazis in the Second World War. He served as MP for Oldham from 1900 to 1906, MP for Manchester North West from 1906 to 1908 and as Prime Minster twice from 1940 to 1945 and 1951 to 1955. As a schoolboy, Churchill’s first headmaster said that the "boy lacked ambition" (see video here).

Sir Bernard Law Montgomery, 1945: Commander of the British Army during the Second World War. His victory at El Alamein turned the tide of the war.

MontyMonty

Sir Arthur William Tedder, 1945: Marshall of Royal Air Force and deputy commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force under General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Tedder contributed heavily to defeat of the Germans in North Africa and the Allied invasions in Sicily, Italy and Normandy.

Lord Cunningham of Hyndhope, 1945: Admiral of the Fleet and Britain’s most famous admiral during the Second World War.

Sir Harold R.L.G. Alexander, 1945: Field Marshal Alexander directed the retreats at Dunkirk and in Burma and the conquest of Sicily and bitter battle in Italy. He later became Minister of Defence under Churchilll.

The Manchester Regiment, 1946

Alderman Sir William Kay, 1949: Long-serving member of the Council and tireless committee member, Kay served on over 50 committees during a distinguished municipal career.

Clement Richard Attlee, 1953: Leader of the Labour party for two decades from 1935 to 1955. Attlee served as the post-war Prime Minster from 1945 to 1951. Attlee presided over the most significant reforming government of the twentieth century, introducing the NHS, nationalised one fifth of the British economy and saw over the decolonisation of India, Pakistan, Burma, Ceylon and Jordan.

Clement AttleeClement Attlee

Alderman Sir Miles Ewart Mitchell, 1954: Former Lord Mayor of Manchester.

Alderman Mary Latchford Kingsmill Jones, 1956: The first female Lord Mayor of Manchester, Jones served as a Governor of Manchester Grammar, Manchester High School for Girls, John Rylands Library and the University of Manchester and a President of the Red Cross Society, amongst others.

Alderman Wright Robinson, 1956: Former Lord Mayor of Manchester and career Council committee member and Governor.

Sir John Sebastian Bach Stopford, 1956: Professor of Anatomy at Manchester University in 1919, aged just 31, and was Vice-Chancellor of the University from 1934 until 1956. He held many positions on professional bodies in the field of health care, becoming a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1924. He was once described as ‘one of the greatest anatomists of the century’.

The 613 Manchester Royal Auxiliary Air force, 1957

Sir John Barbirolli, 1958: A conductor of the Halle Orchestra for 27 years, Barbirolli resurrected the orchestra after the war and made it into a household name. You can see busts of Barbirolli both outside the Bridgewater Hall and in the Sculpture Hall of the Town Hall.

John Barbirolli bustJohn Barbirolli bust

Lord Ernest Simon of Wythenshawe, 1959: Former Lord Mayor (the youngest to have held the office at that time) and twice Liberal Withington MP, he is remembered mainly for his clearances of the slums and housing projects in Manchester. He purchased Wythenshawe Hall and Park and gave it as a gift to the city for use of the people living in Wythenshawe.

Edward John, Earl of Derby, 1961: Her Majesty’s Lieutenant of the County Palatine of Lancaster, Edward John, the eighteenth Earl of Derby was awarded the Military Cross for service in the Second World War.

The King’s Regiment (Manchester & Liverpool), 1962

Lady Shena Simon of Wythenshawe, 1964: Politician and educational reformer, she founded the Women Citizens Association in Manchester. Along with husband, Ernest Simon (above), they gave to the city Wythenshawe Hall and Park and she devoted much time into Wythenshawe housing estate.

The First Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards, 1964

Sir Matthew Busby CBE, 1967: Unrivalled at Manchester United until Alex Ferguson came along, Busby managed the club between 1945 to 1969 and for a much shorter stint between 1970 and 1971. Along with his ‘babes’, Busby lifted five league titles, two FA trophies and a European Cup. After the Munich air disaster of 1958, Sir Matt fought back to health and rebuilt his side.

Matt BusbyMatt Busby

Alderman Thomas Francis Regan, 1973: Municipal figure

Alderman Sir Richard Stephenson Harper, 1973: Municipal figure 

Alderman Sir Robert Thomas, 1973: Municipal figure

Alderman Dame Elizabeth Yarwood, 1974: Former Lord Mayor and Justice of the Peace, Yarwood served in local government for over thirty five years.

Honorary Alderman Mrs. Nellie Beer, 1974: Long-serving council member, Lord Mayor and Justice of the Peace, Nellie also possesses the best and most northerly name on this list.

Sir Bernard Lovell, 1977: Professor of Radio Astronomy at the University of Manchester, founder and first Director of The University of Manchester’s Jodrell Bank Observatory in Cheshire (the largest in the world when completed in 1957). During the Second World War Lovell led the team that developed H2S radar.

Bernard LovellBernard Lovell

Honorary Alderman Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw, 1984: Despite being nearly completely deaf since the age of eight, Manchester-born Ollerenshaw became a lecturer at Manchester University, an advisor to Thatcher’s government on education and eventually Lord Mayor of Manchester. She is best known as a hugely gifted mathematician and astronomer, at age 85 she published work that solved the long-standing problem with magic squares.

Reverend Alfred Jowett, 1984: An unconventional Dean of Manchester from 1964 to 1983, Jowett once described himself as a "manuscript preacher". While some complained of Jowett as too secular, he threw himself into city life and brought the city back to the church through charisma, intellectual engagement and both community and international relations.

Her Majesty’s Ship Manchester, 1998.

Sir Alex Ferguson CBE, 1999: The most successful football manager Britain has ever seen, Ferguson won 49 titles in a career spanning nearly four decades: one with St Mirren, ten with Aberdeen and 38 titles in 26 years with Manchester United. A battle-hardened, fiery-tempered and working-class Scot, few have dared to cross Fergie and those that did have come to regret it. The treble of 1999 was Fergie’s crowning glory.

FergieFergie

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment, 2006

Anthony H Wilson, 2007: Salford-born broadcaster, journalist, entrepreneur, music mogul, ‘cultural catalyst’, founder of Factory Records and the Hacienda. Author and broadcaster Stuart Maconie said: "There was no more influential and important figure in music in the last 30 or 40 years.”

Sir Bobby Charlton CBE, 2008: One of Busby’s ‘babes’, made 754 appearances and scored 247 goals for the club. Charlton captained the club for six years between 1967 and 1973, led the club to its first European cup and survived the tragic Munich air disaster which killed eight United players. He was also an integral part of the 1966 England World Cup winning team and named European footballer of the year in the same year. Charlton remains to this day a United Director and ambassador of the club.

Great Britain Olympic and Paralympic Cycling Team, 2008: The 37-strong team, based at Manchester’s Velodrome, picked up fourteen Olympic and twenty Paralympic medals during the Beijing games of 2008.

207 Manchester Field Hospital Volunteers, 2011

Professor Sir Andre Geim and Professor Sir Konstantin Novoselov, 2013: Russian-born Professors Sir Andre Geim and Sir Kostya Novoselov, isolated graphene, the world’s new ‘wonder material’, for the first time at the University of Manchester in 2004. They were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010 and were subsequently knighted in 2012 for services to science.

Andre Geim and Konstantin NovoselovAndre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov

Phew. So there you have it. Listed, for the first time in history, every single recipient of the Freedom of Manchester award. If you’re reading this then congratulations, you’re one of three people to reach the bottom of the list without dying first.

If you have the energy, or any remaining eye function, then Salford also has a list of 23 Honorary Freemen including LS Lowry, Nelson Mandela and most recently, Ryan Giggs (see here).

Follow @David8Blake on twitter

The honours wallThe honours wall

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17 comments so far, continue the conversation, write a comment.

AnonymousApril 4th 2014.

Exactly what Man Con should be doing. Keep it coming

David in CheshireApril 4th 2014.

Great list, but I wonder what "Ladys" might be.

1 Response: Reply To This...
EditorialApril 4th 2014.

Good spot. Changed. Thanks.

DavidApril 4th 2014.

Not exactly many women?.Even in the later recipients,And not exactly many non white faces.Awards should be based on merit of course but if it's to remain relevant to future generations then perhaps there needs to be change to look at changing this. Manchester talks a good talk about inclusivity but it's still a city run by by a small group of white men..

5 Responses: Reply To This...
AnonymousApril 4th 2014.

Perhaps, but it's also a council that embraced PC over twenty years ago. That's what small minded lefties get you.

Jonathan Schofield - editorApril 7th 2014.

David you make me sigh with frustration. Clearly you know nothing at all of our history.

AnonymousApril 7th 2014.

And those non-PC right-wingers in the world are bastions of inclusivity and diversity aren’t they Anon?

AnonymousApril 7th 2014.

@Anon above...now there's 'a small group of white men'.

Steve5839September 1st 2014.

So, if you can name a few likely recipients who have provided the same service in recent years please do, we would be interested. You then can campaign on there behalf, oh, that means work an commitment so this is not going to go too far. Stop wining and get something done about perceived inequality and see how a left wing council receives your thoughts.

Stevie CApril 7th 2014.

Great work, really enjoyed reading that. Interesting that you included a quote from the present Stuart Maconie. Can we have a list of all the previous Stuart Maconies?

1 Response: Reply To This...
EditorialApril 8th 2014.

Good spot. Should have been presenter. Changed. Thanks.

DavidApril 8th 2014.

I think there should be more sporting figures considering the importance to city of sport.Clive Lloyd should be in there.Cricket seems to have been overlooked.

HbiffApril 9th 2014.

Out of interest, which political party would you say is most likely to blame for this state of affairs David?

1 Response: Reply To This...
AnonymousApril 9th 2014.

The Greens.

AnonymousAugust 12th 2014.

Awesome

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